Thursday, April 23, 2015

PA Ed Policy Roundup April 23: WaPo: Pa. schools are the nation’s most inequitable. The new governor wants to fix that.

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Keystone State Education Coalition
PA Ed Policy Roundup for April 23, 2015:
WaPo: Pa. schools are the nation’s most inequitable. The new governor wants to fix that.

Central PA education forum Tuesday, April 28, 6:30-8:30
Grace Lutheran Church (in Harkins Hall), 205 S. Garner Street, State College
Dr. Cheryl Potteiger, superintendent, Bellefonte Area School District
Ms. Kelly Hastings, superintendent, Keystone Central School District
Mr. James Estep, superintendent, Mifflin County School District
Mr. Sean Daubert, CFO, Mifflin County School District
Dr. Robert O’Donnell, superintendent, State College Area School District
Mr. David Hutchison, school board member, State College Area School District
Ms. Cathy Harlow, superintendent, Tyrone Area School District
Mrs. Linda Smith, superintendent, Williamsburg Community School District
Register HERE to attend the central PA education forum.

Southeastern PA Regional Meeting on School Funding
Wednesday April 29th 7:00 pm Springfield High School Auditorium, 49 West Leamy Avenue, Springfield, PA 19064
Local school district leaders will discuss how state funding issues are impacting our children’s educational opportunities, our local taxes and our communities.
Hosted by Delaware County School Boards Legislative Council, Education Voters of PA, the Keystone State Education Coalition and Public Citizens for Children and Youth
Mr. Frank Agovino, school board president, Springfield School District and Board of Directors, Delaware County Chamber of Commerce
Dr. James Capolupo, superintendent, Springfield School District
Dr. Wagner Marseille, Acting Superintendent, Lower Merion School District 
Mr. Joe Bruni, superintendent, William Penn School District
Dr. Richard Dunlap, superintendent, Upper Darby School District
Mr. Stanley Johnson. Executive Director of Operations, Phoenixville Area School District
Ms. Susan Gobreski, Executive Director, Education Voters of PA
Moderator: Mr. Lawrence Feinberg, Chairman, Delaware County School Boards Legislative Council
Registration HERE to attend.

"Nowhere is that gap wider than in Pennsylvania, according to federal data. School districts with the highest poverty rates here receive one-third fewer state and local tax dollars, per pupil, than the most affluent districts. This spring, the new governor has outlined an ambitious plan to address the inequities, but it faces opposition at the statehouse. At the same time, a lawsuit over inadequate school funding is making its way through the courts, and Education Secretary Arne Duncan has called for change.  “When the state systematically, significantly underfunds children who weren’t born with a silver spoon in their mouths, something is wrong with that picture,” Duncan said last month at a Philadelphia elementary school."
Pa. schools are the nation’s most inequitable. The new governor wants to fix that.
Washington Post By Emma Brown April 22 at 7:09 PM  
PHILADELPHIA — At Martin Luther King High, a hulking half-full school here, there aren’t enough textbooks to go around. If teachers want to make a photocopy, they have to buy paper themselves. Though an overwhelming majority of students are living in poverty, no social worker is available to help. Private donations allow for some dance and music classes, but they serve just 60 of the school’s 1,200 students.
At Lower Merion High, 10 miles away in a suburb of stately stone homes, copy paper and textbooks are available but are rarely necessary: Each student has a school-provided laptop. A pool allows for lifeguarding classes, and an arts wing hosts courses in photography, ceramics, studio art and jewelry making. The campus has a social worker.  While there always have been inequalities among the nation’s public schools, the gap in spending between public schools in the poorest and most-affluent communities has grown during the past decade.

How much does Pa. spend on public schools, and how are costs shared?
the notebook By Dale Mezzacappa on Apr 22, 2015 03:35 PM
Q. How much does Pennsylvania spend on K-12 public education compared to other states?
In 2012, Pennsylvania spent $26.5 billion on K-12 education. Only five other states — California, New York, Texas, Illinois, and New Jersey— spent more.  On a per-student basis, Pennsylvania ranked 13th among the states. In 2012, Pennsylvania spent $13,653 per student compared to a national average of $11,735. Vermont came out on top with $18,882 per student, and Utah ranked last with $6,688 per student.
Q. Where does the money come from?
Pennsylvania's K-12 education system is funded through a combination of local (53 percent), state (36 percent), and federal (11 percent) sources.  Pennsylvania stands out because that state percentage of overall education funding, as opposed to local sources, is relatively small.
In 2012, Pennsylvania ranked 44th in the percentage share of education costs covered by the state. Its 36 percent contribution rate falls below the national average of 45 percent.

Harrisburg's inaction forces Lehigh Valley schools to tap local taxpayers, district officials say
The Express-Times By Sara K. Satullo | The Express-Times on April 23, 2015 at 7:30 AM, updated April 23, 2015 at 7:35 AM
Lehigh Valley school district officials pushed for a fair, equitable and adequate state education funding formula during a public forum Wednesday night.  The forum was held at Penn State Lehigh Valley and hosted by the Education Voters of PA, the Delaware County Schools Boards Legislative Council, the Keystone State Education Coalition and Public Citizens for Children and Youth.  Officials from Lehigh Valley school districts shared the mounting financial challenges they have faced as state funding has been slashed, employee pension costs have risen and charter schools have grown.  Bethlehem Area, Salisbury Township and Parkland school district leaders report that local taxpayers support 70 percent, 80 percent and 84 percent, respectively, of their school district budgets. But this hasn't stopped the state from sending down costly education mandates.  "We don't have a comprehensive approach to funding schools in Pennsylvania," said Susan Gobreski, executive director of Education Voters of PA.

"The education funding discussion will continue April 23 when the school district hosts a basic education funding forum in the Penndale Middle School auditorium, 400 Penn Street, Lansdale, at 7 p.m. Viletto will be part of a panel discussion that will include state representatives Kate Harper, R-61st District, and Todd Stephens, R-151st District."
North Penn School District slated to have fair funding formula forum April 23
By Jarreau Freeman,, @JarreauFreeman on Twitter
Lansdale >> Pennsylvania has no basic education funding formula, Montgomery County Intermediate Unit Legislative Services and Grants Development Director Tina Viletto said Tuesday evening.  “At this moment in time there is no clear, consistent determination as to how a district receives its funds (from the state),” she said to North Penn School Board members during their monthly work session. “Without a formula, districts have a hard time determining how they are going to fund all the needs that face the school district each year. Without a formula, it is possible that districts won’t have the revenue to cover the mandatory and necessary costs by the 2017-18 (school year).”  Many districts throughout the region are facing increases in enrollment, climbing retirement and health care costs, and deficits in the millions.

"Want another example of how badly the state has done in taking over schools that were in trouble financially and academically? You don’t have to go far. Look at the Chester Upland district, which had a state-appointed receiver that the state tried to fire. After a court challenge prevented that, the state hired a consultant at $144,000 a year to assist the receiver, who was also paid $144,000 a year. And Chester Upland schools are still among the worst in the state."
State control of poorly run schools no solution
Editorial by Harold Jackson, Inquirer Opinion Columnist WEDNESDAY, APRIL 22, 2015, 5:31 PM
It’s hard to believe that anyone would propose that the state of Pennsylvania take over another school district given its abysmal track record in that regard. Yet that is exactly what State Sen. Lloyd Smucker (R., Lancaster) is suggesting with a bill he plans to introduce that would threaten low-performing school districts with a state takeover unless they improve. That’s like threatening to throw more water on a drowning man unless he swims.  Since most of the state’s lowest-performing schools are in Philadelphia, the city would appear to be a main target of Smucker’s bill. But wait a minute, Philadelphia schools are already under state control, and have been since 2001, when the School Reform Commission was created as part of a quid quo pro to get more state money for city schools. The governor appoints three of the SRC’s five commissioners. How much more does Smucker want the state to be in charge?

"It's hard to understand why state intervention would make a difference, especially given that the majority of failing schools are in Philadelphia, which has been overseen by the state since 2001.
The heart of the problem is not governance, but resources."
DN Editorial: District distraction
A special district for failing schools won’t help, funding will
Editorial: The lack of connection between the state's inability to fund the schools more equitably and the result - failing schools - is troubling.
Philly DaIly News Editorial POSTED: Thursday, April 23, 2015, 12:16 AM
AMONG THE MANY things lost on the Harrisburg General Assembly - a strong work ethic, for example - count irony among the biggest.  Case in point: As a lawsuit makes its way through the courts that claims the state fails to uphold its constitutional obligation to educate children adequately because of an "irrational funding policy," one lawmaker, Sen. Lloyd Smucker, R.-Lancaster, wants to give the state's failing schools a few years to turn around; if they don't, they get put in a special state-run district.  As an incentive to failing schools, maybe it could work: After all, there are few scarier things on earth than the notion of being relegated to a "special state-run school district."  The lack of connection between the state's inability to fund the schools more equitably and the result - failing schools - is troubling.
Sen. Smucker is still working out the details about how such a special district would actually operate, or why such oversight would lead to better results. He envisions a seven-member board overseeing the district, with an executive who acts as superintendent. Failing schools trying to turn around would be granted more flexibility in their ability to hire outside contractors and have exemption from some union rules. The plan does not call for increased funding for such schools.

"According to the plaintiffs in the William Penn case, the vast majority of courts in other states that have addressed the issue have found that constitutional challenges to school funding schemes are justiciable."
Legal Update – Commonwealth Court Dismisses Lawsuit Challenging Funding Adequacy
PSBA website April 22, 2015
In a unanimous “en banc” decision, the Commonwealth Court has dismissed a lawsuit filed by seven school districts and several parents against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the Department of Education, the General Assembly and various state officials challenging the state’s public education funding system as inadequate to satisfy the state constitutional mandate that the “General Assembly shall provide for the maintenance and support of a thorough and efficient system of public education to serve the needs of the Commonwealth.” The suit also claimed that the lack of equity in the funding system violated the non-discrimination provisions of the state constitution by denying children in poorer school districts an equal opportunity to receive an adequate education.  The school district plaintiffs were the William Penn SD, the Panther Valley SD, the SD of Lancaster, the Greater Johnstown SD, the Wilkes-Barre Area SD and the Shenandoah Valley SD. The Pennsylvania Association of Rural and Small Schools (PARSS) and the Pennsylvania conference of the NAACP also were plaintiffs in the suit, which is being backed by the Public Interest Law Center of Philadelphia and the Education Law Center of Pennsylvania.

Call to fund Pa. schools in the event of a budget stalemate
WITF Written by Tim Lambert and Radio Pennsylvania | Apr 23, 2015 3:09 AM
An expected standoff between Democratic Governor Tom Wolf and the Republican-controlled legislature may place the June 30th budget deadline in jeopardy.  Senator Ryan Aument says his bill is aimed at addressing that possibility.  "I think it's important that we ensure that our students and our schools are not used as pawns in a budget negotiation battle, hat are not negotiating chips in a budget stalemate," he says.

Ahead of budget talks, Wolf says Pa. faces stark fiscal realities
WITF Written by Tim Lambert and Radio Pennsylvania | Apr 23, 2015 4:25 AM
 (Harrisburg) -- With a little more than two months to go before the state budget deadline, Governor Tom Wolf has the tough task of trying to convince the Republican-controlled legislature to support his proposed tax plans.  The governor says while no one wants to raise taxes, the commonwealth is facing some stark fiscal realities.  "I think all of us are looking honestly at what we have here," he tells the Radio PA program, "Ask The Governor. "We have a budget deficit."
Senate Majority Leader Jake Corman has said the proposed sales tax hike will be a hard lift in the legislature.

Letter: Tom Wolf's budget invests in education
Morning Call Letter by Mark Spengler April 22, 2015
It should come as no surprise that a recent Franklin & Marshall College poll showed 59 percent of voters support Gov. Wolf's budget. For decades, citizens have been screaming for less dependence on the school property tax. The Wolf budget reduces property taxes by an average of $1,000 per property and completely eliminates property taxes for roughly 270,000 seniors. Additional savings to school districts are achieved by reforming the way cyber charter schools are funded.  During the last election cycle, public education ranked No. 1 on the list of voter concerns. The Wolf budget reinvests in public education to the tune of $1 billion. Wolf uses another popular idea: A severance tax on the Marcellus Shale industry to fund his ideas. Members of the General Assembly should be encouraged to either support the governor's budget or come up with their own ideas to deliver what the citizens of Pennsylvania are asking of their elected representatives.

On the Brink: York City schools' champion for the children
York Dispatch By ERIN JAMES 505-5439/@ydcity POSTED:   04/23/2015 06:57:27 AM EDT
A young girl emerges from a closed-door meeting, her cheeks still wet with tears.
She walks slowly to her father, who's been waiting in the main office at McKinley K-8. Behind the girl is Dawn Squire, who leans in to deliver a message.  Squire tells the man his daughter needs more help to boost her disappointing grades. She suggests the district's after-school program and summer school.  "This is hurting her heart," Squire tells the father. "For her to be upset like this is a good thing. It tells me she cares."  Squire's official title at the York City school is family involvement coordinator, a job made possible by federal funding for which McKinley is eligible because of its status as a priority school.

Oxford school board recommending 1 percent millage increase
West Chester Daily Local By MARCELLA PEYRE-FERRY, 21st Centruy Media POSTED: 04/22/15, 5:47 PM EDT |
OXFORD >> When the budget committee comes to the school board next month, they will be recommending a 1 percent millage increase for the coming tax year. “We’re getting really close to finalizing the budget,” Board Member and Committee Chair Joseph Tighe said.
In his budget committee report, at the Tuesday School Board meeting, Tighe explained that the tax increase allowed by the state index is 1.9 percent but with special exceptions allowable to the district, Oxford could raise their property tax rate by as much as 2.6 percent.
The recommended increase of 1 percent translates to an increase of $39 for the average home owner in the district. This increase would result in approximately $300,000 in increased revenues for the schools. That will still leave the district needing over $4.3 million from the fund balance to reach a balanced budget for the coming school year.

"By far the largest increase in next year's budget comes from the $1.2 million jump in pension costs, or 25.8 percent of the payroll. Pension payments are projected to increase to 32 percent of the payroll in the 2017-18 school year, or another $2.6 million, for a total annual budget just for pensions of $9.3 million."
Derry Township School District taxes likely to go up 1 percent
By Monica Von Dobeneck | Special to PennLive on April 22, 2015 at 9:05 PM, updated April 22, 2015 at 9:49 PM
The Derry Township School District does not need to raise real estate taxes next year to balance its budget, but will most likely do so to be prepared for the next five years.  Business Manager Michael Frentz gave a presentation on the budget during a public forum Wednesday.  At this point, district officials expect to raise taxes 1 percent, from 17.9 mills to 18.1 mills. That would mean an increase of $18 for a home assessed at $100,000 for a total of $1,810.  The school board will vote on the proposed budget at their May 11 meeting and the final budget on June 22.

Southmoreland school budget work continues
Trib Live By Paul PaterraThursday, April 23, 2015, 1:11 a.m.
The process of working on a 2015-2016 budget for Southmoreland School District continues as tweaks are made before a proposed budget is adopted in May.  The latest working draft budget was presented to school directors Wednesday by Business Manager James Marnell. It again includes a deficit, but not as large as was presented in March, and it still does not include a tax increase.  “This is not the budget,” Marnell stressed again. “This is a working draft.”  Expenditures listed on the draft presented Wednesday night are at $28,567,792, less than the $28,952,962 presented in March. Revenues show a “modest” increase of $421,014 from $26,607,231 to $26,660,231. This leaves a deficit of $1.9 million, which is less than the $2.3 million deficit presented in March.
York City School District proposed budget includes no cuts to staff or programs
No tax increase is expected for the third year in a row
York Daily Record By Dylan Segelbaum @dylan_segelbaum on Twitter
UPDATED:   04/23/2015 01:55:34 AM EDT0 COMMENTS
Along with not increasing in taxes for the third year in a row, the York City School District's proposed 2015-16 budget not only includes no cuts to staff and programs — it's looking to add them.  "We are not going to be cutting, or eliminating, or removing anyone or any program in this school district," Supt. Eric Holmes said during the York City School Board's meeting on Wednesday. "But instead, we will be looking at how we can improve the services that we're providing, and add programs that we need."

Souderton Area School District budget discussions continue with possible tax increase
North Penn Reporter By Jarreau Freeman,,, @JarreauFreeman on Twitter
POSTED: 04/22/15, 2:46 PM EDT | 0 COMMENTS
Franconia >> The Souderton Area School District finance committee continues to whittle away at the 2015-16 budget.  During a budget update from the district’s Business Affairs Director Bill Stone at Wednesday’s finance committee meeting, Stone explained that the district is still looking to increase revenues and cut expenses to address a $3.3 million deficit.  One way the district could address the deficit is by raising taxes to generate additional revenue. The finance committee set the goal early on in the budget process not to raise taxes above the Act 1 index of 1.9 percent.

Downingtown’s three high schools named to Washington Post’s 2015 America’s Most Challenging
West Chester Daily Local By Staff Report POSTED: 04/22/15, 4:57 PM EDT |
EAST CALN >> The three high schools in the Downingtown Area School District were named to Washington Post’s 2015 America’s Most Challenging High School programs list.
The Downingtown STEM Academy, Downingtown West High School and Downingtown East High School all appear on the Washington Post’s newly released list. Only 38 Pennsylvania high schools achieved this honor with Downingtown being the only Pennsylvania school district to have all district high schools nationally ranked, according to the Washington Post.  “We are very proud of our students and staff,” said Lawrence Mussoline, superintendent of schools.  The report looked at public and private high schools nationwide and ranked them based on the academic rigor of the schools’ curriculum. The Post filtered the number of Advanced Placement, International Baccalaureate and Advanced International Certificate of Education tests given at a school each year. That number was then divided by the number of graduation seniors. Fewer than seven percent of the approximately 27,000 high schools in America qualified for this list.

"Perhaps the single most shocking number in a new review of employment and earnings data by researchers at the Hamilton Project, a research group within the Brookings Institution, is this one: The median earnings of working men aged 30 to 45 without a high school diploma fell 20 percentfrom 1990 to 2013 when adjusted for inflation."
Why American Workers Without Much Education Are Being Hammered
New York Times by Neil Irwin @Neil_Irwin APRIL 21, 2015
The last couple of decades have been terrible for American workers without much education. New research calculates just how bad, and offers some evidence as to why that is.  In short, they face a double whammy. Less-educated Americans, especially men, are shifting away from manufacturing and other jobs that once offered higher pay, and a higher share are now working in lower-paying food service, cleaning and groundskeeping jobs. Simultaneously, pay levels are declining in almost all of the fields that employ less-educated workers, so even those who have held onto jobs as manufacturers, operators and laborers are making less than they would have a generation ago.

Fewer High School Students Show Interest in Teaching, Study Says
Education Week By Ross Brenneman on April 21, 2015 9:55 PM
Bad news continues to roll in for those watching the flow of people into the teaching pipeline: A new report released today by ACT Inc. says that interest in teaching among young persons continues to shrink.  "The nation must fill the pipeline to alleviate the expected shortfall in the number of available teachers," the authors write. "Our inability to do so will force educational systems to think differently about how we deliver education—which might, in turn, have a negative impact on student success."

PSSA: Nazareth students will receive 'unexcused absence' if pulled to parent workplace
By Pamela Sroka-Holzmann | The Express-Times on April 22, 2015 at 7:25 PM
The Nazareth Area School District doesn't want students to miss a day of state-standardized testing for the annual "Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day."  Nazareth Area Intermediate School parents Wednesday received an email from Principal Joseph Yanek alerting them if they take their child to their workplace Thursday, the student will be considered "unexcused" for the day.  The unexcused absence applies to any student taking a Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) exam, the email states, noting Thursday is a make-up day for testing.

Brave Teachers Speak Out About Testing
Yinzercation Blog by Jessie Ramey April 22, 2015
If you’re lucky, you never stop learning from teachers. It was hearing the courageous voices of public school teachers that pushed me to think more closely about high-stakes-testing and its impact on our children. But teachers are between a rock and a hard place. It’s very hard for most to say anything, even if they see great damage being done to their students and their schools, because their jobs are literally on the lines. The very same forces that created this high-stakes system gagged and handcuffed teachers (and now principals), preventing some of the strongest advocates for kids – especially our most vulnerable kids – from speaking up. (And perversely, when they do, they are often accused of trying to protect their jobs, rather than students.)
So I applaud those who take a stand and help the rest of us see what is going on, as two more Pittsburgh teachers did this week. Mary King has a beautiful op-ed in the Post-Gazette today explaining why she is a conscientious objector and will not administer the PSSAs to her students this year. She may be the first teacher in Pennsylvania to do so and her action recalls a long Quaker and pacifist tradition in this state. Earlier this week, Kipp Dawson testified to the Pittsburgh school board about the way in which testing is hurting her students.

Testing Resistance & Reform News: April 18 - 21, 2015
FairTest Submitted by fairtest on April 21, 2015 - 1:15pm 
This week's update is being sent from the Education Writers Association National Seminar where hundreds of reporters, editors and columnists are talking about the opt-out movement and other forms of testing resistance as well as proposals for real assessment reform at the local, state and national levels.

All are invited for a screening of the documentary:
STANDARDIZED: Lies, Money & Civil Rights—How Testing is Ruining Public Education Monday, April 27, 7- 9 PM Wayne, PA
The Saturday Club, 117 West Wayne Avenue, Wayne, PA
Standardized testing has long been a part of public education. Over the last ten years however, education reform has become an increasingly heated political issue and seemingly a highly profitable target market for private enterprise resulting in expanded and high-stakes testing. While some hold the view that testing is an effective assessment of student ability and teacher and school effectiveness, many feel these exams are instead undermining our students, teachers and schools.   Daniel Hornberger’s STANDARDIZED documentary raises issues about this model of  education reform and the standardized testing that goes along with it. The film includes interviews with prominent educational experts and government officials who take aim at the goal of standardization that is being promoted and imposed by our federal and state governments. It sheds light on the development, nature and use of these assessments, the consequences of high-stakes testing, and the ostensible private enterprise and government agendas behind them. 
A Q&A session with a panel of informed parents, teachers and experts will follow.
This screening is made possible through a collaboration of Radnor, Tredyffrin/Easttown and Lower Merion concerned parents and PTOs.
For questions and to RSVP, contact

PHILADELPHIA—The School District of Philadelphia, in partnership with local organizations, will host seven community budget meetings. District officials will share information about budget projections and request input on school resources and investments.  Partnering groups include the Philadelphia Education Fund, POWER (Philadelphians Organized to Witness Empower & Rebuild), Public Citizens for Children and Youth (PCCY), local clergy and community advocates. All meetings will be held 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. The dates and locations are as follows:
 Wednesday, April 15
Northeast High School, 1601 Cottman Ave.
 Wednesday, April 22
Bartram High School, 2401 S. 67th St.
 Tuesday, April 28
West Philadelphia High School, 4901 Chestnut St.
 Wednesday, May 6
Dobbins High School, 2150 W. Lehigh Ave.
 Tuesday, May 12
South Philadelphia High School, 2101 S. Broad St.
 Thursday, May 14
Congreso, 216 West Somerset St.
 Wednesday, May 20
Martin Luther King High School, 6100 Stenton Ave.

Nominations for PSBA offices closes April 30
PSBA Leadership Development Committee seeks strong leaders for the association
Members interested in becoming the next leaders of PSBA are encouraged to complete an Application for Nomination no later than April 30. As a member-driven association, the Leadership Development Committee (LDC) is seeking nominees with strong skills in leadership and communication, and who have vision for PSBA. The positions open are:
  • 2016 President Elect (one-year term)
  • 2016 Vice President (one-year term)
  • 2016 Eastern Section at Large Representative - includes Regions 7, 8, 10, 11 and 15 (three-year term) 
Complete details on the nomination process, including scheduled dates for nominee interviews, can be found online by clicking here.

Beyond a New School Funding Formula: Lifting Student Achievement to Grow PA's Economy
Wednesday, May 6, 2015 from 7:30 AM to 10:00 AM (EDT) Harrisburg, PA
7:30 am: Light breakfast fare and registration; 8:00 am: Program
Harrisburg University Auditorium, Strawberry Square 326 Market Street Harrisburg, PA 17101 
Opening Remarks by Neil D. Theobald, President, Temple University

SESSION I: THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF ACHIEVEMENT GAPS IN PENNSYLVANIA’S PUBLIC SCHOOLS with introduction by Rob Wonderling, President, Greater Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, and Member, Center on Regional Politics Executive Committee.            
Presentation by Lynn A. Karoly, Senior Economist, RAND Corporation 

SESSION II: WHAT CAN PENNSYLVANIA LEARN FROM THE WORLD’S LEADING SCHOOL SYSTEMS? with introduction by David H. Monk, Dean, Pennsylvania State University College of Education
Presentation by Marc S. Tucker, President and CEO, National Center on Education and the Economy 
Sessions to be followed by a response panel moderated by Francine Schertzer, Director of Programming, Pennsylvania Cable Network 
Program presented by the University Consortium to Improve Public School Finance and Promote Economic Growth

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